What is a biodegradable tableware

Dec 12 2022   

Biodegradable tableware refers to lunch boxes that can undergo biochemical reactions under the action of microorganisms (bacteria, mold, algae) in the natural environment, causing mildew in appearance to changes in internal quality, and finally form carbon dioxide and water. The entire degradation process can be decomposed into harmless substances without human participation, which is a very long process. The finished waste of degradable lunch boxes should not only meet the degradation performance of GB18006.3-2020 "General Technical Requirements for Disposable Degradable Tableware", but also have recycling value, be convenient for recycling, or be convenient for sanitary landfill and high-temperature composting treatment.


Biodegradable tableware


Advantages of biodegradable tableware


The materials used for degradable tableware are divided into two types: one is made of natural materials, such as paper products, straw, starch, etc., and is degradable, also known as environmentally friendly products; photosensitizers, and other substances. What is widely used at present is degradable tableware made of natural materials. The advantages are as follows:


Natural resources are reused, and sustainable supply is an endless cycle


After the product is used, it can be quickly degraded by microorganisms in the natural environment and become plant nutrients. It truly comes from nature and returns to nature, effectively solving the environmental damage caused by white pollution.


The production process is aseptically produced, and the disinfection inspection is qualified. After the product is degraded, it will not cause poison to the soil and air, and there is no harm from secondary pollution.


It can replace plastic products based on petroleum and paper products based on wood

The plastic reduction campaign has already quietly started among the catering giants. Chain companies such as McDonald's and Starbucks have previously promoted environmental protection by replacing paper bag packaging and reducing the use of plastic straws. At the same time, the food delivery platform also launched plastic reduction actions, including the implementation of the "no tableware" option for food delivery.

However, at present, plastic reduction in the catering industry mainly focuses on behaviors such as changing the design of cup lids and replacing them with paper straws. According to an industry insider engaged in packaging materials, the cost of bagasse biodegradable tableware and plastic tableware is not much different, and it is a powerful way to speed up comprehensive plastic reduction.

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